The Fed has everybody uneasy, simultaneously saying it may raise the cost of money faster than markets think, but is not in a hurry, but will do something next year, which draws ever-closer.
The stock market hit a li’l’ air pocket, but it’s very difficult for stocks to “correct” deeply, as so many have forecast. If you sell, where will you go? Cash pays nothing and bonds are vulnerable.
Bill Gross, greatest bond trader of all time, has left Pimco for far-smaller Janus, apparently one sunrise ahead of a firing squad. Age is kind to some of us, not to others. The bond market fears that Pimco will dump Gross’ bloated holdings.
Economic data are okay, but for the umpteenth month not accelerating. Housing is flat, sales of existing homes not increasing in August, and Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) home price data for July a 0.1% gain, the year-over-year down to 4.4% continuing to decline .5%/month.
The yen and euro continue precipitous declines versus the dollar, the former 109.37/dollar, the latter now $1.268. Low inflation for us, but rapid, large and sustained one-way moves in currencies are not good for anybody.
Our air assault on ISIS includes the first combat missions of the F-22 Raptor, at last a soft target without anti-aircraft capability. Nine years in hangars because of deficiencies, $67 billion for only 188 buzzards. In a similar achievement, a Bloomberg study puts the cost of the Obamacare website at $2 billion.
Back to the markets and the mortgage issue
As the aftermath of the Great Recession still unfolds, we have been confronted with all sorts of frights and warnings. Prudence and exhaustion have advised turning down the volume and proceeding with something productive. I do not mean the following to be another scare-story, just marking the passing of an era.
Bye-bye QE. Quantitative easing. The Fed buying Treasurys and mortgage-backed securities (MBS) to inject credit directly into the economy around a broken banking system, and to keep long-term rates low. QE1 worked beautifully, QE2 less so, and QE3 possibly unnecessary. Exactly two years ago, QE3 began its buys, $80 billion per month, until the Fed began to taper only a little more than a year later. Markets were terrified last fall, wondering who would pick up the $80 billion monthly tab.
Turned out not to be a problem, but I don’t know anyone certain as to why it has been so easy to find buyers for U.S. paper at rates lower than the first “taper tantrum,” and Fed rate hikes in prospect. The biggest help: foreign economic weakness and ultra-low yields overseas. One key propellant in this “rising dollar”: huge moves out of foreign bonds into ours.
A related question has been, how will the U.S. economy and markets do when the Fed stops mainlining $80 billion monthly in cash heroin? The principal answer has been revived bank lending. Total bank credit, the Fed’s weekly H-8, has this year run at a 9% annual growth rate, replacing the QE credit add. Until last month. Since mid-August H-8 has actually declined slightly. Watch that. An anomaly? Temporary? Banks at last wilting under over-regulation?
The sheer mass Of QE is something. The US has $9 trillion in outstanding home mortgages, not including 2nds and Helocs (about $1 trillion). Of those 1st mortgages, the Fed now owns $1.7 trillion — 19%. It also owns $2.4 trillion in Treasurys, also about 20% of that market, but in normal times has owned half that much. Prior to 2008 the Fed had never bought mortgages.
Please ignore all the yammering about the Fed’s balance sheet and inflation, debasement, exit… all of that. Very silly. Do give some thought to our inability to re-design our system of mortgage lending. Since 2008 the Fed has been it, and for 70 years prior government agencies were it, and the “private sector” has neither the interest or capacity to be it.
10-year T-note in the last six months. Click on the charts below to enlarge.
The yen, higher is weaker The euro, lower is weaker
The Fed’s fear: unemployment falling below 6% will trigger wage growth, and too much of it. They are plenty smart enough also to fear that prior cyclical patterns do not apply.
News of a rise last month was… ummm… overheated. Calculatedrisk splendid chart goes back to ’63, US population almost double today’s.
Housing is not going anywhere until this chart does.
The Fed’s holdings.
Maybe the last two months are just a pause. A breather. Chart goes back one year; the four years prior were not pretty, the economy solely supported by QE. If bank credit poops out, so will the eonomy. Most important single datum to watch.