Except when the data reveal a big change in trend, the best way to evaluate the load: try to bracket the edges of the likely near future.
Before that, a word on Ukraine. From the markets’ perspective, Ukraine was a one-day tempest in a samovar. A hurricane in a Stoli shot. The western border of Russia is the farthest east it has been in 500 years. Kiev and most of Ukraine have been integral to Russia for that entire time and will remain so (far western Ukraine has been part of Poland as often as not). Suffering is native to Ukraine: see “Bloodlands.” We are in the 100th anniversary year of the most stupid conduct of international affairs in modern history, but it would require a near repeat to elevate Ukraine to global hazard.
Bracketing begins with jobs. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics word this morning: we created 175,000 jobs in February, roughly as many as in December and January combined. Do I believe that? No, and neither do markets. That figure is about the same as the 12-month average, so set this bracket: whatever the job trend, it isn’t any better than this report. U-6 unemployment inclusive of “involuntary part time” did not change, still 7.2 million people, and the overall rate 12.6%. Are jobs about to help housing asks Personal Real Estate Investor Magazine.
One happy datum jumped prior brackets and bears watching: hourly earnings in February rose at a 4.4% annual pace, more than double the year-over-year figure. Rising income has been the essential missing piece in this recovery; however, to enjoy a higher wage requires a job. One unhappy report failed its prior bracket: the employment component of the Institute for Supply Management (ISM) service-sector survey collapsed in February, from 56.4 to 47.5, the first sub-50 reading in two years, a further limit on today’s optimism.
Another positive change to watch: total bank credit in 2014 has grown consistently at 7.3% annualized, and the growth is in loans, not just securities. We’ve had the best 45 days of credit creation since a complete stall at the end of 2012.
Some credible chat from the Fed: NYFed’s Dudley expects future formal statements to abandon the unemployment rate as the dominant metric, switching to a basket of employment indicators. SFFed’s Williams, a growth booster, could see a Fed rate hike in mid-2015 if “everything moving in the right direction.”
Which it is not in two crucial places. Housing is flattening out nationwide under the weight of too-tight credit and too many still-damaged households (see “incomes” above). The distressed fruit has been plucked, and the huge theoretical pent-up demand by first -time buyers is frustrated by the job market and inability to raise a down payment. Housing is not pulling the economy, and it’s hard to see how it can sustain itself if interest rates rise more. See Personal Real Estate Investor Magazine’s thoughts on the housing data click here.
The second spot not moving properly is weird, solidly in careful-what-you-wish-for: inflation. Loons on the left, Krugmanites, still think inflation is a free lunch and should be run up to 4% or more. Crazy. However, inflation at 1% and slipping exposes an economy to any shock and means at least part of the economy is in deflation, paying back debt in more valuable dollars than the ones borrowed.
Fed and European Central Bank(ECB) leaders insist that inflation will soon move back up to the 2% target range. And have been dead, flat, wrong for three years. Going from 1% to 2% would not guarantee economic promised land, but sliding toward zero would be bad trouble. The ECB’s do-nothing Draghi is trying to make the problem disappear by re-definition: “Deflation is a self-reinforcing fall in prices that is broad-based across items and across countries.” Translation: so long as Germany is okay, allest ist gut.
Bracket conclusions: the US is moving along, but closer to 2.5% GDP than the mythic 3.5% or more in the central bank computer models — and by a lot of other smart people. If GDP and jobs do not accelerate, I suppose the Fed will keep pushing until they do, if within the Fed’s power.
Those wage and credit flickers of brightness… those are the precursors to watch.
There are many reasons to quibble with this ISM fainting spell (weather, data series only 16 years back, outlier…), but it contradicts any thought of acceleration. Click on the charts below to enlarge.
Watching bank credit every week, now (at Fed, H-8). It must expand to offset withdrawal of QE.
10-year T-note, 30 days back. We have failed tests of 2.60% twice, the second one the one-day Ukraine rally. We have also risen above support at 2.75%. Only a little shelf at 2.85% to penetrate for the next try at 3.00%, which will quickly follow any additional good economic news.
10-year T-note nine months back. Will now take an earthquake to breach the magic 2.50%, necessary for mortgages to make a run to 4.00% or lower.
Election results from 10 years ago show the ethnic divide in Ukraine, but it’s dramatic only in far edges.